13 Jo Awase

Francesco Corallini and Christian Pacella - Kumi-jo

The Juu-san no Jo Awase (juu: ten; san: three; no: of; jo: staff; awase: blending), or “13 movement blending exercise” is an exercise developed by Morihiro Saito Sensei based upon kumi techniques of O-Sensei not included in the kumi-jo. Despite being labelled a blending exercise (jo awase), it demonstrates more of the concepts of kumi-jo than awase, although they are performed with awase feeling. The kumi techniques bring to light the martial applications of all the previous movements, and understandably are the most interesting form of the weapons training component, though they are no more or less important than the basics.

The Juu-san no Jo Awase is broken down into the following sets:

1 – 3
4 – 6
7 – 9
7 – 11
7 – 13
1 – 13

Starting in shizen-tai and moving together with your partner, perform a standing rei (bow) towards your partner, saying “onegae-shimasu”. Then, say the name of the jo-awase series being practiced “Juu-san no Jo Awase” followed by the name of the set, e.g. “Ichi Kara San Made”.

Once you have completed the series, moving together with your partner, return to the shizen-tai position. From the shizen-tai position, moving together with your partner, perform a standing rei (bow) towards your partner, saying “domo-arigato-gozaimasu”, to complete the exercise.

Ichi Kara San Made (1 – 3)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Hidari-jo-no-kamae
Open the jo slightly to the left to allow uchi-jo to attack.
Count 1 (ichi) Choku-tsuki to the chest. Choku-tsuki to the chest, advancing slightly off the line of attack to the left with tsugi-ashi.
Count 2 (ni) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Ayai-gaeshi across the line of attack and strike yokomen-uchi to uchi-jo’s left temple.
Count 3 (san) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Slide the left foot diagonally backwards to the left across the line of attack, correcting hanmi with the right foot and parrying uchi-jo’s tsuki with a jodan-gaeshi movement.

Yon Kara Roku Made (4 – 6)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Jodan-gaeshi in migi-hanmi
This movement continues from the first set (1-3). Uke-jo is standing in migi-hanmi with the jo rasied above the head in jodan-gaeshi position. Uchi-jo is standing perpendicular to uke-jo on the right-hand side.
Count 4 (shi) Choku-tsuki to the chest, without moving your feet; then, turn your head towards the right to look at uchi-jo, inviting an attack.
Count 5 (go) Choku-tsuki to uke-jo’s right flank (at chest level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Step forward with your left foot towards your right foot, then sweep the right foot back (irimi-tenkan) rotating your hips from left to right, parrying uchi-jo’s tsuki with a hasso-gaeshi movement, ending in hidari-hasso-no-kamae.
Count 6 (roku) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Slide the right foot directly to the right to avoid the tsuki and bring the jo above your head, correcting hanmi with your left foot as you pivot 45° on your right foot and strike shomen-uchi-komi to uchi-jo’s temple.

Shichi Kara Kyuu Made (7 – 9)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Ken-no-kamae-migi
This movement continues from the second set (4-6). Uke-jo is standing in ken-no-kamae-migi, while uchi-jo is standing directly behind him/her in hidari-tsuki-no-kamae.
Count 7 (shichi) Choku-tsuki to the spine (at chest-height-level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Turn your head towards the left to look at uchi-jo behind you, inviting an attack. As uchi-jo attacks with tsuki, pivot on the front (right) foot 180° to face uchi-jo, parrying the tsuki with a chudan-gaeshi movement resembling kaeshi-barai (yon-no-jo-barai).
Count 8 (hachi) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 9 (kyuu) Return to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Slide the jo back on your left side into gedan-gaeshi.

Shichi Kara Juu-ichi Made (7 – 11)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Ken-no-kamae-migi
This movement continues from the second set (4-6). Uke-jo is standing in ken-no-kamae-migi, while uchi-jo is standing directly behind him/her in hidari-tsuki-no-kamae.
Count 7 (shichi) Choku-tsuki to the spine (at chest-height-level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Turn your head towards the left to look at uchi-jo behind you, inviting an attack. As uchi-jo attacks with tsuki, pivot on the front (right) foot 180° to face uchi-jo, parrying the tsuki with a chudan-gaeshi movement resembling kaeshi-barai (yon-no-jo-barai).
Count 8 (hachi) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 9 (kyuu) Return to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Slide the jo back on your left side into gedan-gaeshi.
Count 10 (juu) Choku-tsuki to the chest. Stepping forward with the left foot, raise the end of the jo closest to your left hand while dropping the tip of the jo closest to your right hand, parrying the tsuki away downwards and to the right, from high to low, remaining directly on the line.
Count 11 (juu-ichi) Keeping your hands in the same position, strike uchi-jo with jodan-tsuki to the chest.

Shichi Kara Juu-san Made (7 – 13)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Ken-no-kamae-migi
This movement continues from the second set (4-6). Uke-jo is standing in ken-no-kamae-migi, while uchi-jo is standing directly behind him/her in hidari-tsuki-no-kamae.
Count 7 (shichi) Choku-tsuki to the spine (at chest-height-level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Turn your head towards the left to look at uchi-jo behind you, inviting an attack. As uchi-jo attacks with tsuki, pivot on the front (right) foot 180° to face uchi-jo, parrying the tsuki with a chudan-gaeshi movement resembling kaeshi-barai (yon-no-jo-barai).
Count 8 (hachi) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 9 (kyuu) Return to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Slide the jo back on your left side into gedan-gaeshi.
Count 10 (juu) Choku-tsuki to the chest. Stepping forward with the left foot, raise the end of the jo closest to your left hand while dropping the tip of the jo closest to your right hand, parrying the tsuki away downwards and to the right, from high to low, remaining directly on the line.
Count 11 (juu-ichi) Keeping your hands in the same position, strike uchi-jo with jodan-tsuki to the chest.
Count 12 (juu-ni) Take a diagonal step backwards to the right (ushiro-tsugi-ashi-naname), moving out of the line of attack and returning to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Choku-tsuki to uke-jo’s left flank. Grab the jo with the right had just below your left hand and, stepping out of the line of attack to the right with the right foot and correcting hanmi with the left foot, rotate your hips from right to left and parry the tsuki from high to low. Create a circular movement with the jo after parrying the tsuki to move into hidari-tsuki-no-kamae, with your jo and body pointed towards uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 13 (juu-san) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.

Ichi Kara Juu-san Made (1 – 13)

Count Uchi Jo Uke Jo
Hidari-tsuki-no-kamae Hidari-jo-no-kamae
Open the jo slightly to the left to allow uchi-jo to attack.
Count 1 (ichi) Choku-tsuki to the chest. Choku-tsuki to the chest, advancing slightly off the line of attack to the left with tsugi-ashi.
Count 2 (ni) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Ayai-gaeshi across the line of attack and strike yokomen-uchi to uchi-jo’s left temple.
Count 3 (san) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Slide the left foot diagonally backwards to the left across the line of attack, correcting hanmi with the right foot and parrying uchi-jo’s tsuki with a jodan-gaeshi movement.
Keeping the jo in the same position above your head, rotate 90° to the left on your right foot to end up perpendicular to uchi-jo, who returns to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae.
Count 4 (shi) Choku-tsuki to the chest, without moving your feet; then, turn your head towards the right to look at uchi-jo, inviting an attack.
Count 5 (go) Choku-tsuki to uke-jo’s right flank (at chest level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Step forward with your left foot towards your right foot, then sweep the right foot back (irimi-tenkan) rotating your hips from left to right, parrying uchi-jo’s tsuki with a hasso-gaeshi movement, ending in hidari-hasso-no-kamae.
Count 6 (roku) Adjust your position to face uke-jo directly, then choku-tsuki to the chest. Slide the right foot directly to the right to avoid the tsuki and bring the jo above your head, correcting hanmi with your left foot as you pivot 45° on your right foot and strike shomen-uchi-komi to uchi-jo’s temple.
Count 7 (shichi) Choku-tsuki to the spine (at chest-height-level) as uke-jo turns his head towards you. Turn your head towards the left to look at uchi-jo behind you, inviting an attack. As uchi-jo attacks with tsuki, pivot on the front (right) foot 180° to face uchi-jo, parrying the tsuki with a chudan-gaeshi movement resembling kaeshi-barai (yon-no-jo-barai).
Count 8 (hachi) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 9 (kyuu) Return to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Slide the jo back on your left side into gedan-gaeshi.
Count 10 (juu) Choku-tsuki to the chest. Stepping forward with the left foot, raise the end of the jo closest to your left hand while dropping the tip of the jo closest to your right hand, parrying the tsuki away downwards and to the right, from high to low, remaining directly on the line.
Count 11 (juu-ichi) Keeping your hands in the same position, strike uchi-jo with jodan-tsuki to the chest.
Count 12 (juu-ni) Take a diagonal step backwards to the right (ushiro-tsugi-ashi-naname), moving out of the line of attack and returning to hidari-tsuki-no-kamae. Choku-tsuki to uke-jo’s left flank. Grab the jo with the right had just below your left hand and, stepping out of the line of attack to the right with the right foot and correcting hanmi with the left foot, rotate your hips from right to left and parry the tsuki from high to low. Create a circular movement with the jo after parrying the tsuki to move into hidari-tsuki-no-kamae, with your jo and body pointed towards uchi-jo’s left flank.
Count 13 (juu-san) Choku-tsuki to uchi-jo’s left flank.

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About Takemusu Aikido South Africa

The Takemusu Aikido Association South Africa (TAASA), formally Iwama Ryu™ South Africa, is a free group of black-belted practitioners of Aikido based in Johannesburg, South Africa. Our aim is to promote and spread the traditional teaching method of Morihiro Saito Sensei, direct student of the Founder of Aikido, to all communities in South Africa.